Laboratory phonology is an inherently interdisciplinary field of research and is concerned with representations of language and language systems as well as with the realization and perception of spoken language in different situational and functional contexts.
Our research is devoted to biological, linguistic and social aspects of speech production, speech perception and its reception, as well as language attitudes and linguistic stereotypes. Our research is theoretically informed, empirically supported, and often practically oriented, as we are concerned with language phenomena observed in natural conversational situations and monologues. We use a variety of experimental techniques available to us in our phonetics laboratory and our motion capture laboratory.
For example, our topics include visual prosody, i.e., the interactions between acoustic speech signals and the visible movements of facial expressions in different situational contexts. We are also concerned with the interplay between spoken language, breathing, and body movements, which has been little explored in linguistics. Furthermore, we investigate the relationship between language use (as a result of multilingual and multiethnic communities) and the expression of identity (as an index of national, local and social belonging).
The AIRAL project investigates the acoustic properties of complex word forms in a sample of 40 languages from around the world, using data taken from the DoReCo corpus. The main research question that AIRAL seeks to answer is which phonetic cues exist to the internal morphological structure of words, especially with respect to the distinction between roots and affixes.
Funded by the German Polish Science Foundation
Does your unconscious perception of your interlocutor match what you consciously declare? We're experimenting with this in our project. With the help of suitable techniques, we can delve deeper into the differences between conscious and unconscious attitudes toward our conversation partners.
EU Horizon 2020 project
(COBRA - ESR5)
Interlocutors often adapt to each other during a conversation. Theoretical models of this adaptation focus on different levels of linguistic representations. ESR5’s project will additionally consider alignment on the underlying physiological level, with a focus on breathing, eye gaze and body temperature. Results will be important to understand the role of the body and its interplay with speech and language.
The project investigates the interplay between two modalities – speech and gestures – in relation to their temporal coordination and semantic congruency. Alongside these lines, it looks at the role of this coordination in creating linguistic conventions.
EU Horizon 2020 project
This project uses ultrasound and acoustic measures to examine the acquisition of sibilant fricatives in Sorbian. The primary goal is to understand how learners acquire the articulatory routines necessary to differentiate perceptually similar segments. A secondary goal is to document the articulatory properties of Sorbian sibilants using ultrasound and MRI technology.
(SFB 1412-Register C02)
The subproject in the CRC 1412 „Register: Language-Users’ Knowledge of Situational-Functional Variation" focuses on the study of speech variation in formal and informal situations. What do speakers do when having to make formal requests in contrast to conversing informally? And what impact does the appearance of the interlocutor have on the pronunciation or choice of words? We are seeking to answer these questions by means of a newly developed experimental method.