Experimental and crosslinguistic evidence for the distinction between implicatures and presuppositions

Organisator(en) Nadine Bade, Sonja Tiemann, Uli Sauerland, Edgar Onea & Malte Zimmermann
Institution(en) ZAS Berlin, University of Göttingen, University of Tübingen, University of Potsdam
Veranstaltungsbeginn 01.07.2015, 14.00 Uhr
Veranstaltungsende 03.07.2015, 17.00 Uhr
Ort ZAS, Berlin, Trajekte-Raum, 3rd floor
Workshop website

Traditionally, research in formal semantics has established a theoretical distinction between presuppositions and implicatures. This traditional view is based on the different behaviour of presuppositions and implicatures in embedding environments, their (non)ability of being cancelled, and the triggering mechanism behind them. Presuppositions, on the one hand, are said to be lexically triggered inferences, which project under negation and other types of embeddings, and are non-cancellable. Implicatures, on the other hand, are claimed to be triggered by certain linguistic structures only in specific contexts, to not project and to be cancellable. This has led to a formal semantic modeling of presuppositions as prerequisites that have to be fulfilled in the context in order for utterances to be felicitously uttered. Implicatures are modeled as inferences which, in certain contexts, enrich the assertive meaning of an utterance.

This traditional view has been challenged by recent research on presuppositions and implicatures. This recent research primarily takes into consideration experimental as well as cross-linguistic data. It paints a more complicated picture and makes a distinction between both types of inferences less clear cut.
The workshop will provide a forum for researchers working on these two phenomena to discuss their latest insights on the basis of empirical data, such as experimental and/or crosslinguistic data.

Invited Speakers:
Emmanuel Chemla (ENS Paris), Danny Fox (MIT), Jacopo Romoli (University of Ulster), Florian Schwarz (University of Pennsylvania), Judith Tonhauser (Ohio State University)

Contact:
Nadine Bade (nadine.bade@uni-tuebingen.de)
Sonja Tiemann (sonja.tiemann@uni-tuebingen.de

Warming-up on Tuesday, June 30th 2015

18:00“Variable costs” (abstract)
Kai von Fintel (joint work with David Beaver)
19:30DINNER at Löwenbräu am Gendarmenmarkt

Program

Wednesday, July 1st 2015

TIMEEVENT
14:00 – 14:20Welcome Note
14:20 – 15:00The Strongest Meaning Hypothesis and Presupposition Projection
Clemens Mayr and Uli Sauerland
15:00 – 15:40Culminations as extra soft presupposition triggers
Zsofia Gyarmathy
15:40 – 16:00COFFEE BREAK
16:00 – 17:00On the heterogeneity of projective content
Invited talk by Judith Tonhauser
17:00 – 17:15BREAK
17:15 – 18:15Grammar as logic: the case from polarity and factivity (Room 403!!!)
Invited talk by Gennaro Chierchia
18:30DINNER at Tapas y mas

Thursday, July 2nd 2015

TIMEEVENT
10:00 – 11:00 On the idea that some presuppositions are scalar implicatures: the view from acquisition and Broca’s Aphasia
Invited talk by Jacopo Romoli
11:00 – 11:20 COFFEE BREAK
11:20 – 12:00 A scalar implicature-based account of the inference of pluralised mass (and count) nouns
Frances Kane, Jacopo Romoli, Tsoulas George, Raffaella Folli and Dora Alexopoulou
12:00 – 12:40 Plurality inferences are scalar implicatures: Further evidence from acquisition
Lyn Tieu, Cory Bill, Jacopo Romoli and Stephen Crain
12:40 – 14:00 LUNCH
14:00 – 14:40 Determined Reference as a CI Component in the Meaning of Definites
Assif Am David and Manfred Sailer
14:40 – 15:20 Projection properties of cognitive and emotive factives
Jennifer Spenader
15:20 – 15:40 COFFEE BREAK
15:40 – 16:20 Mention-all versus mention-some: Exhaustivity and sensitivity to false answers
Yimei Xiang
16:20 – 16:30 BREAK
16:30 – 17:30 Mention Some, Reconstruction, and the Notion of Answerhood
Invited talk by Danny Fox
18:00 DINNER at Valmontone

Friday, July 3rd 2015

TIMEEVENT
10:00 – 11:00 An original diagnostic tool for linguistics: probability judgment
Invited talk by Emmanuel Chemla
11:00 – 11:20 COFFEE BREAK
11:20 – 12:00 Children’s interpretation of sentences with multiple scalar terms
Cory Bill, Elena Pagliarini, Jacopo Romoli, Lyn Tieu and Stephen Crain
12:00 – 12:40 Embedded scalar implicatures: new experimental data from Russian
Yulia Zinova, Anastasiya Lopukhina and Konstantin Lopukhin
12:40 – 14:00 LUNCH
14:00 – 14:40 Assessing the Bias Strength of Experiencer- Stimulus Verbs Vs. Agent-Evocator Verbs: The Role of Presupposition
Simone Gerle, Johanna Klages, Anke Holler and Thomas Weskott
14:40 – 15:00 COFFEE BREAK
15:00 – 16:00 Differentiating Presupposition Triggers – Experimental Explorations
Invited talk by Florian Schwarz